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The latter carries a punishment that is worse than the former. Ô vous qui avez cru! He replied: If what you said was false, it would then be a calumny. No explanation of this law is found in the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) except one Hadith which we shall discuss below. Be brothers!) (Hammaz (defaming), going about with slander.) Allah then ordains lowering one’s voice before the Messenger and encourages, directs and recommends this better behavior. Les noms de cette sourate sont ash-Sharh, al-Inshirâh ou Alam nashrah dont sont tirés du premier verset de la sourate. (6) The code of regulations that has to be observed in the war against the rebels is based on the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) following command that has been related by Hakim, Bazzar and al-Jassas on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar. Surah 002 - Al-Baqarah( The Cow) Surah 002a - Al-Baqarah( The Cow) I have illegally done with her what a husband legally does with his wife.’ The Prophet said. Source: Thanks for visiting Alim.org, The Alim Foundation's flagship site that provides the world's only social network built around Qur'an, Hadith, and other classical sources of Islamic knowledge. 06:54. The Messenger of Allah later gave a speech while riding Al-Qaswa' and said, after thanking Allah the Exalted and praising Him as He should be praised. Surah Rum 31. This also shows that it is indeed a highly offensive state in the sight of Allah in which large groups of the Muslims cannot be expected to be involved. In the preceding two verses after giving necessary instructions about the Muslim people’s mutual fighting, the believers were made to realize that by virtue of the most sacred relationship of the faith they were brothers to one another, and they should fear God and try to keep their mutual relations right. اللْهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ النَّعِيمَ يَوْمَ الْعَيْلَةِ وَالْأَمْنَ يَوْمَ الْخَوْفِ. It is classified as a Medinan Surah and titled in English as “The Chambers”. At that time since a large number of the companions were still living, a detailed code of this aspect of the Islamic law was compiled in the light of their practice and statements. 31. He led his camel to the bottom of the valley, where he had her sit down. (Al-Hujurat: 2) sampai dengan firman-Nya: sedangkan kamu tidak menyadari. It was also said that `nations refers to non-Arabs, while `tribes refers to Arabs. meaning, `in what He has ordered you;’, (Verily, Allah is Hearing,) `your statements,’. In this saying the condition of unjustly points out that doing so with justice is permissible. (Verily, a man might utter a word that pleases Allah the Exalted, even though he does not recognize the significance of his word, and on its account Paradise is written for him. (49:16) Say, (O Prophet), (to these pretenders to faith): “Are you apprising Allah of your faith? However, Faith had not yet firmly entered their hearts. (Bukhari, Muslim). This is the real object of being equal and alike. The people should not be unmindful of the fact that they are addressing the Messenger (peace be upon him) of Allah, and not a common man, or a person of equal rank. يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَرْفَعُوٓا۟ أَصْوَ‌ٰتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ وَلَا تَجْهَرُوا۟ لَهُۥ بِٱلْقَوْلِ كَجَهْرِ بَعْضِكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَن تَحْبَطَ أَعْمَـٰلُكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَشْعُرُونَ. This is the foremost and basic demand of the faith. Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former. بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تُقَدِّمُوا۟ بَيْنَ … The man went back to the Prophet and conveyed Thabit’s statement and returned to Thabit with a wonderfully good news. Surah Al Qasas 29. Surah Al Jathiyah 46. That is why the jurists say that this principle does not apply in the case of ordinary matters. Mujahid said that Allah’s statement, (that you may know one another.) In the Sahih, it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah said, (Arrogance is refusing the truth and belittling people.) Surat al-Hujurat ayat 6 menegaskan kepada umat Islam agar senantiasa memfilter segala sesuatu. يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌۭ مِّن قَوْمٍ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونُوا۟ خَيْرًۭا مِّنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَآءٌۭ مِّن نِّسَآءٍ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَكُنَّ خَيْرًۭا مِّنْهُنَّ ۖ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوٓا۟ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا۟ بِٱلْأَلْقَـٰبِ ۖ بِئْسَ ٱلِٱسْمُ ٱلْفُسُوقُ بَعْدَ ٱلْإِيمَـٰنِ ۚ وَمَن لَّمْ يَتُبْ فَأُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ. Surah At Taubah 10. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stopped, called the two men and said: Come down and eat this dead donkey. (that you may receive mercy.) Allah’s statement. Below we give a brief resume of this code: (1) There are several forms of mutual fighting between Muslims and each has its own separate injunctions: (a) When both the fighting groups may be the subjects of a Muslim government: In this case it is the duty of the government to make peace between them, or to decide as to who is the aggressor between them, and to compel him by use of force to revert to the truth. اللْهُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَيْنَا الْإيمَانَ وَزَيِّنْهُ فِي قُلُوبِنَا وَكَرِّهْ إِلَيْنَا الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ وَاجْعَلْنَا مِنَ الرَّاشِدِينَ. (Woe to every Humazah, Lumazah)(104:1) Hamz is defamation by action, while Lamz is by words. Whether this is done because of suspicion, or for causing harm to somebody with an evil intention, or for satisfying one’s own curiosity, it is forbidden by the Shariah in every case. (Musnad Ahmad). For if he started acting according to what they counseled it would generally lead to blunders for which they themselves would have to suffer. Tafsir Al Quran - Sourate Al Hujurat (Quran) de Mohamed . Do not precede them, but be subordinate to them. To make his conjecture free and independent of every such care and consideration is the pastime of only those people who are fearless of God and thoughtless of the accountability of the Hereafter. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? Terlebih lagi informasi yang belum jelas rimbannya. They do not regard as rebellion in the Quranic terminology the rising in revolt of the righteous against the unjust and wicked rulers, nor declare the waging of war against them as obligatory. Lire la sourate al-'Ankabut (29, L'Araignée) en arabe, accompagnée d'une traduction de ses sens en français. According to Abu Daud, when Maiz bin Malik Aslami had been stoned to death for committing adultery, the Prophet (peace be upon him) on his way back heard a man saying to his companion: Look at this man: Allah had concealed his secret, but he did not leave himself alone till he was killed like a dog! It was this same attitude and conduct of the Bedouin group living around Al- Madinah, which has been commented upon in these verses. Say, “Would you acquaint Allah with your religion while Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth, and Allah is Knowing of all things?”, يَمُنُّونَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ أَسْلَمُوا۟ ۖ قُل لَّا تَمُنُّوا۟ عَلَىَّ إِسْلَـٰمَكُم ۖ بَلِ ٱللَّهُ يَمُنُّ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ هَدَىٰكُمْ لِلْإِيمَـٰنِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَـٰدِقِينَ, Yamunnoona ‘alaika an aslamoo qul laa tamunnoo ‘alaiya Islaamakum balillaahu yamunnu ‘alaikum an hadaakum lil eemaani in kuntum saadiqeen17. Yaaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanuj taniboo kaseeram minaz zanni inna ba’daz zanniismunw wa laa tajassasoo wa la yaghtab ba’dukum ba’daa; a yuhibbu ahadukum any yaakula lahma akheehi maitan fakarih tumooh; wattaqul laa; innal laaha tawwaabur Raheem12. According to still another Hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The one who saw a secret affair of somebody and then concealed it is as though he saved a girl who had been buried alive. In Zaid bin Ali’s revolt against the Umayyads, he not only provided financial help but urged others also to do the same. From this it cannot be concluded that those who had insisted on their own opinion were devoid of the love of the faith, but what becomes obvious from this is that they had become forgetful of this demand of the faith because of which they made the error of insisting on their own opinion in the presence of the Prophet (peace be upon him). (Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is oppressed.) ؟ (Then you want to ask me about the Arab lineage) They said, `Yes.’ He said. – Such are they who are the rightly guided.) Although this etiquette was taught for sitting in the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) assembly and its addressees were the people who were living in his time, the people of the later ages should also observe the same respect and reverence on the occasion when the Prophet’s name is mentioned, or a command of his is stated, or his sayings are explained. O Allah! These teachings have not remained confined to words only but Islam has practically established a universal brotherhood of the believers on the basis, which does not allow any distinction on account of color, race, language, country and nationality which is free from every concept of high and low, clean and unclean, mean and respectable, which admits all human beings with equal rights, whether they belong to any race and nation, any land or region. These traditions make it plain that uttering a false accusation against a person in his absence is calumny and describing a real defect in him ghibat; whether this is done in express words or by reference and allusion, in every case it is forbidden. 1. This is why Allah the Exalted said. This was recorded by `Abd bin Humayd. This is also demostrated in the Hadith of Jibril, peace be upon him, when he questioned the Prophet about Islam, then Iman then Ihsan. There is a Hadith in the Sahih in which Anas states that the Messenger of Allah said. (The most honorable among them with Allah is the one who has the most Taqwa.) What the Prophet said, occurred. This is grave immorality which causes serious mischief in society. Surah Al Lail 93. Several scholars relied on this honorable Ayah and the honora- ble Hadiths we menti- oned as evidence that compatibility in marriage is not a condition of marriage contracts. Sourate 049 - Al-Hujurat : 10 fichiers disponibles Pour des questions relatives au tafsir, veuillez contacter le sheik au numero suivant : (+223) 76 39 17 03. … 11. Innal lazeena yunaadoo naka minw waraaa’il hujuraati aksaruhum laa ya’qiloon4. He was repeatedly looking at Al-Hasan and then at the people; then said. Once Hind bint Utbah, wife of Abu Sufyan, came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: Abu Sufyan is a miserly person: he does not provide enough for me and my children’s needs. Then on the basis of the same principle the scholars have declared that ghibat is permissible in the following cases: (1) Complaining by an oppressed person against the oppressor before every such person who he thinks can do something to save him from the injustice. From these rulings it becomes plain as to what is the difference between the law of fighting against the disbelievers and of fighting against the Muslim rebels. (Al-Mabsut: al-Jassas; Ibn al-Arabi, Ahkam al-Quran). Below you can read and benefit from commentary on Surah Hujurat by Ibn Kathir and from Tafheem ul Quran by A’a Maududi. Sesungguhnya orang yang paling mulia di antara kamu di sisi Allah ialah orang yang paling bertakwa di antara kamu. My deeds have been rendered useless and I am among the people of the Fire.’ They went to the Prophet and told him what Thabit said and the Prophet said. The duty of forbidding the people to do evil that the Shariah has entrusted to the government does not require that it should establish a system of spying to inquire too curiously into the people’s secret evils and then punish them, but it should use force only against those evils which are manifested openly. But if a person after affirming the faith in Allah and His Messenger and the Hereafter earns reputation on account of these base qualities, it is simply regrettable. after saying. (O you who believe! Surah Mujadila 59. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to the companions: What do you say: who is more ignorant, this person or his camel? For instance, about verse 4 the commentators state that it was sent down concerning the Bani Tamim whose deputation had arrived in Madinah and started calling out to the Holy Prophet from outside the apartments (hujurat) of his wives, and according to all biographical books on the Holy Prophet’s life this deputation had visited Madinah in A. H. 9. Wa law annahum sabaroo hatta takhruja ilaihim lakaana khairal lahum; wallaahu Ghafoorur Raheem5. The Prophet asked. وَإِن طَآئِفَتَانِ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ٱقْتَتَلُوا۟ فَأَصْلِحُوا۟ بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ فَإِنۢ بَغَتْ إِحْدَىٰهُمَا عَلَى ٱلْأُخْرَىٰ فَقَـٰتِلُوا۟ ٱلَّتِى تَبْغِى حَتَّىٰ تَفِىٓءَ إِلَىٰٓ أَمْرِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ فَإِن فَآءَتْ فَأَصْلِحُوا۟ بَيْنَهُمَا بِٱلْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوٓا۟ ۖ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُقْسِطِينَ. We are steadfast to the faith and have no intention to withhold the Zakat. Ayat 1. But if he was not as you say about him, you will have falsely accused him. In the first five verses they have been taught the manners they should observe with regard to Allah and His Messenger. Yaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanoo la tuqaddimoo baina yada yil laahi wa Rasoolihee wattaqul laah; innal laaha samee’un ‘Aleem 1. (49:4) Surely most of those who call out to you, (O Prophet), from behind the apartments, are devoid of understanding. This verse forms the actual basis of the Islamic law about the mutual fighting between the Muslims. Some jurists even regard it as superior to jihad itself and their reasoning is that Ali spent the entire period of his caliphate in fighting against the rebels instead of performing jihad against the disbelievers. 13. (Bukhari, Muslim). Ibn Majah also collected this Hadith. But whenever such a sad situation arises all the believers should become concerned and should do whatever they can to bring about peace and reconciliation between the parties. It is right that I help him if he is oppressed, but how should I help him if he is an oppressor’ He said. Ibn Majah also collected this Hadith. The command is not only to make peace but to make peace with justice and equity. Allah has full knowledge of everything.” (49:17) They count it as a favour to you that they accepted Islam. Cepat dibuka, hemat kuota. Muslim did not collect this narration. (49:5) If they were patient until you went out to them, that would have been better for them.6 Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.7 (49:6) Believers, when an ungodly person brings to you a piece of news, carefully ascertain its truth, lest you should hurt a people unwittingly and thereafter repent at what you did.8 (49:7) Know that Allah’s Messenger is among you. This is, whatever had happened until then will be overlooked and forgiven by Allah and He will not hold those people accountable for the trouble they had been causing to His Messenger (peace be upon him) on account of His mercy and kindness, but they should not repeat such behavior in the future. When he came back into the house, Aishah asked: You have talked to him politely, whereas when you went out you said something different about him. Where there is unusual difference and disparity between the man and the woman in this regard, lifelong companionship will be difficult. (c) When one of the belligerent parties as mentioned above may be right and the other the aggressor, who may not be listening to counsel nor be inclined to make peace: In this case believers should side with and support the party that is in the right against the aggressor.

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